Side Effects of Dental Implant Surgery: What You Need to Know About Dental Implants

Dental implants have revolutionized the field of dentistry, offering a robust and long-lasting solution for replacing missing teeth. However, like any surgical procedure, dental implant surgery comes with its own set of potential side effects and complications. This article delves into the various effects of dental implants, from common side effects to long-term complications, to help you make an informed decision.

Understanding Dental Implants and Their Functionality

What Are Dental Implants?

A dental implant acts as an artificial tooth root, providing a foundation for an artificial tooth or set of teeth. Unlike natural teeth, dental implants lack nerves, so sensations around the implant site primarily come from the surrounding gum tissue.

The Benefits of Dental Implants

Once the implant is fitted with a crown, bridge, or fixed arch denture, it mimics the look and function of natural teeth. Dental implants can significantly improve the quality of life for those with multiple missing teeth, offering a full range of dental restorations.

dental implants side effects
dental implants side effects

Common Side Effects of Dental Implant Procedure

Post-Operative Swelling and Bruising

Swelling and bruising are common side effects of dental implant surgery. These symptoms are part of the body’s natural healing process. Swelling is a controlled form of trauma, where cells rush to the implant site to aid in healing, causing fluid build-up and inflammation. Typically, swelling peaks 48-72 hours after the surgical procedure and lasts for about five to seven days.

Managing Swelling and Pain

To alleviate swelling, apply a cold compress to the affected area for 20 minutes, followed by a 20-minute break. This should be done during the first 24 hours after surgery. After 72 hours, switch to warm compresses. Pain medication like Ibuprofen and antibiotics may also be prescribed by your dentist to control swelling and prevent potential complications.

Risks and Complications of Dental Implants

Implant Failure and Improper Implant Placement

Implant failure is a severe side effect associated with dental implants. This can occur due to various factors such as improper implant placement, insufficient bone density to support the implant, or long-term complications like infection.

Signs of Infection and Long-Term Complications

Signs of infection at the implant site include redness, swelling, and discomfort. If you experience these symptoms, contact your dentist immediately. Long-term complications can include issues with the bone fusing with the titanium screw, leading to implant failure.

Zahntechniker frankfurt
dental implant procedure

Preventive Measures and Dental Care Post-Implant Surgery

Pre-Surgery Preparations

Before undergoing dental implant surgery, it’s essential to have a thorough dental check-up to ensure that you are free from conditions like gum disease, which could complicate the implant procedure.

Post-Surgery Dental Maintenance

Following your oral surgeon’s instructions regarding diet and dental care is crucial to minimize the risk of complications and ensure the success rate of the implant procedure. Regular dental check-ups are also essential for monitoring the implant and surrounding gum and bone health.

The Role of Oral Hygiene in Implant Longevity

Maintaining good oral hygiene is vital for the long-term success of your dental implant. Regular dental cleanings and check-ups can help prevent potential complications like gum disease, which can affect the bone and tissue supporting the implant.

The Surgical Process: What Happens During Oral Surgery

Getting dental implants involves a type of oral surgery where the implant post is surgically inserted into the jawbone. This dental procedure is typically performed by an oral surgeon or a dental specialist trained in implant dentistry. The type of dental implant treatment you receive may vary depending on the number of implants placed, whether they are placed in the upper or lower jaw, and the amount of bone available to support the implant.

Special Cases: Bone Grafts and Sinus Cavities

In some instances, a bone graft may be necessary if there’s insufficient bone in your jaw to support the implant. This helps encourage bone to grow and fuse with the bone, providing a stable foundation for the new artificial tooth. For implants placed in the upper jaw, proximity to the sinus cavities may require additional procedures at the same time as the implant insertion to ensure successful placement.

Possible Side Effects and Risks of Dental Implants

While dental implants are an effective and long-lasting solution for replacing multiple teeth, it’s essential to be aware of possible side effects and risks. These can include implant failure, where the implant fails to fuse with the bone, or complications that can occur days after surgery, such as implant fracture. Side effects include swelling, bruising, and minor discomfort, which usually subside within a week.

Post-Surgery Care: Ensuring Longevity of Your Implants

Dental implants can last for many years, especially when proper care is taken. Your oral surgeon will provide guidelines for dental care post-implant surgery to help minimize risks. These guidelines often involve regular check-ups to monitor the implant and surrounding tissues, ensuring that complications are caught and addressed early.

When Things Don't Go as Planned: Dealing with Dental Implant Failure

Although dental implant failure is rare, it can happen. If an implant fails, a new implant may be placed after a period of healing. The success of the new implant often depends on identifying the cause of the initial failure and taking steps to correct it.


  • Liaw K, Delfini RH, Abrahams JJ. Dental Implant Complications. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2015 Oct;36(5):427-33. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2015.09.007. Epub 2015 Oct 9. PMID: 26589696. Abstract: This study delves into the complications that can arise from dental implant procedures, including implant failure and infection.
  • Přikrylová J, Procházková J, Podzimek Š. Side Effects of Dental Metal Implants: Impact on Human Health. Biomed Res Int. 2019 Jul 10;2019:2519205. doi: 10.1155/2019/2519205. PMID: 31360706; PMCID: PMC6652050. Abstract: This research focuses on the side effects of dental metal implants and their impact on human health, including potential allergic reactions and other complications.
  • Compton SM, Clark D, Chan S, Kuc I, Wubie BA, Levin L. Dental Implants in the Elderly Population: A Long-Term Follow-up. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2017 Jan/Feb;32(1):164-170. doi: 10.11607/jomi.5305. PMID: 28095520. Abstract: This paper discusses the long-term effects and success rates of dental implants in the elderly population, emphasizing the importance of proper care and maintenance.
Dental Patient and Dental Surgeon

You might be also interested To Learn: